THE GOVERNMENTAL PERSPECTIVE IN THE URBAN MOBILITY PLAN-MAKING: THE CASE OF PERIPHERAL MUNICIPALITIES OF THE RIO DE JANEIRO METROPOLITAN AREA

Igor Godeiro de Oliveira Maranhão, Romulo Dante Orrico Filho, Enilson Medeiros dos Santos

Abstract


This paper analyzes the main challenges of the design and implementation of sustainable urban mobility plans (SUMP) after the law 12,587 in 2012, called the National Urban Mobility Policy (PNMU, in Portuguese). With the new law, municipalities within a population of more than 20,000 inhabitants, as well as those required by law to draw up master plans, are now compelled to elaborate mobility plans. However, only 171 of almost 3,400 municipalities required to prepare the plans were ready by 2015, the first deadline, later extended to 2018. This paper examines a set of municipalities in the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area and tries to understand what are the main challenges to achieving the goal of sustainable mobility and the main differences between the European and the Brazilian governmental perspectives in the subject. A survey on the main barriers was applied in five local entities, and in the state and national levels entities. Four methods of hierarchization were applied. Among the factors that stand out most are the lack of resources to elaborate the plan, lack of integration between levels of government and problems with training and lack of personal in the responsible agencies of the municipalities.


Keywords


challenges in the mobility plan; Brazilian National Urban Mobility Policy; government perspective

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32358/rpd.2017.v3.256

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