Determinants of urban cycling from the perspective of Bronfenbrenner's ecological model




cycling, factors, determinants, ecological model, Bronfenbrenner


Purpose: Human behavior is complex, resulting from dynamic person-environment interactions. The study of determinants in an ecological model can be useful to understand this complexity. When it comes to bicycle commuting, previous research has identified several individual and environmental determinants that can influence behaviour and likelihood to cycle. The purpose of this article is to provide an analytical framework integrating the determinants of cycling in an analysis from the perspective of Bronfenbrenner's ecological model. Methodology: Through a literature review, we select scientific articles that include studies conducted from a variety of cities in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Findings: As a result, the article presents the determining factors for bicycle commuting in a diagram based on Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model. Research limitation: Further research, which may include a systematic or an umbrella review, could be conducted to confirm the determining factors that influence bicycle commuting in urban areas. In addition, broader work is needed to understand which factors influence the adhesion of shared bicycles and how they fit into the ecological model proposed by Bronfenbrenner. Originality: Our article provides guidelines for an analytic framework that can be a useful tool in case studies or comparative research on mobility and urbanism.


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Author Biographies

Priscilla Dutra Dias Viola, University of Montreal

Civil Engineer (2016) from the Federal University of Minas Gerais. Doctoral student at the University of Montreal.

Juan Torres, University of Montreal

Juan Torres is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Environmental Design at the Université de Montréal and Vice-Dean of Graduate Studies. He holds degrees in architecture and urban planning, and combines three fields of research: urban design, community sustainability, and children’s relationships with the city.

Leandro Cardoso, Federal University of Minas Gerais

Graduated in Geography (1999), Master in Geography (2003) and Doctor in Geography (2007) from the Federal University of Minas Gerais. He is currently an Associate Professor at the Department of Transport Engineering and Geotechnics at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). He was Coordinator of the Postgraduate Program in Geotechnics and Transport at UFMG (2015 to 2017) and Sub-Coordinator of the Specialization Course in Strategic Logistics and Transport Systems at UFMG (2011 to 2015). He has experience in the areas of Geography and Transport Engineering, working mainly on the following topics: Urban Geography, Urban Planning, Transport Systems Planning, Sustainable Urban Mobility, Socio-spatial Inequalities.


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How to Cite

Viola, P. D. D., Torres, J., & Cardoso, L. (2021). Determinants of urban cycling from the perspective of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model . Revista Produção E Desenvolvimento, 7.



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