Climate mitigation or knowledge deprivation? Learning from indigenous socio-environmental funds

Keywords: brazilian amazon, climate mitigation, indigenous rights, socio-environmental funds, traditional knowledge

Abstract

Purpose: To reflect on effects of exposing indigenous peoples to neoliberal approaches to mitigate climate change by examining Brazil’s first indigenous peoples’ socio-environmental funds, discussing conflicts, collaborations and how funds help or hinder symbiosis of REDD+ with indigenous practices. Methodology/Approach: Primary data collected between 2011-15; Observation; Open-ended and Semi-structured Interviews; Focus Groups; Coding; Literature Review. Findings: The analysis undertaken indicates that the realities of neoliberal and capitalist practices impose requirements and demands on indigenous peoples, restricting their ability to properly implement the objectives of the funds and affecting their traditional practices and forms of social organization. Research Limitation/implication: Last field data collected in 2015, but the lessons we point out are valuable. Originality/Value of paper: The conflicts and collaborations discussed add to the debate on neoliberalization of nature and give more evidence to suggest that re-thinking climate mitigation strategies is timely and urgent, and indigenous knowledge have a significant role in this process.

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Author Biographies

Luiza Muccillo Bica de Barcellos, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciência Ambiental (PROCAM). Universidade de São Paulo
Doutoranda em Ciência Ambiental (PROCAM-USP), mestre em Ciências Sociais (CPDA-UFRRJ), pós-Graduada em Direito Ambiental (PUC-RJ) e bacharel em Direito (UCAM). Tem atuado na área socioambiental há 15 anos, incluindo o exercício de cargos de chefia em entidades públicas e de gerente de projetos no terceiro setor. Desde de 2013, trabalha como consultora e pesquisadora. Sua experiência profissional inclui atividades de escopo diversificado e transdisciplinar, especialmente nos temas de uso da terra, florestas, áreas protegidas e mudanças climáticas, como: análises jurídicas e institucionais; formulação, implementação e avaliação de políticas públicas; desenho e fortalecimento de mecanismos financeiros e sistemas de governança para repartição de benefícios e implementação de estratégias de desenvolvimento territorial e políticas públicas; e identificação e mobilização de recursos para financiamento socioambiental. Como pesquisadora, possui especial interesse na temática de governança ambiental multinível, analisando como acordos internacionais e políticas públicas sobre mudanças climáticas, especialmente REDD+, tem sido desenhados e implementados do nível global ao local e como os diferentes atores e instituições interagem nesse contexto, buscando identificar, por exemplo, aspectos chaves para garantir equidade e justiça social na repartição e utilização dos benefícios que possam advir desse e outros mecanismos instituídos para conservação da biodiversidade e financiamento socioambiental.
Maria Fernanda Gebara, Independent Researcher
Graduação em Direito pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (2005), mestrado em Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento pela London School of Economics and Political Sciences (2009) e doutorado em Instituições, Mercados e Regulação pelo Programa de Pós Graduação em Desenvolvimento, Agricultura e Sociedade da Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (2015). Atualmente é consultora do Centro Internacional de Pesquisas Florestais e pesquisadora associada do Programa de Pós Graduação em Desenvolvimento, Agricultura e Sociedade da Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro.

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Published
2020-05-25
How to Cite
Barcellos, L. M. B. de, & Gebara, M. F. (2020). Climate mitigation or knowledge deprivation? Learning from indigenous socio-environmental funds. Revista Produção E Desenvolvimento, 6. https://doi.org/10.32358/rpd.2020.v6.435
Section
Evaluation, Public Management & Development